Heaven Is a Myth. Kind Of.

“So now he’s saying heaven is a myth. What has gotten into Caleb’s brain today?” This is may be something like the reaction you had to the title of this post. And that’s probably justified. I’ve already pulled pretty well the same stunt with I Don’t Believe in Hell a while back. It’s just that heaven and hell are such deliciously popular topics that such titles always attract attention.

Anyway, what am I actually saying this time? Well, first off I’m certainly not saying that there is no such thing as heaven. That would be Biblically absurd. When I say “heaven is a myth” I mean specifically the popular conceptions of heaven that dominate books and movies, whether Christian or not. There is certainly a real heaven, but it’s not what most people imagine it is, and that is the message I mean to get across in this post.

Define “Heaven”, Please

What’s wrong with the common perceptions of heaven? Part of the problem is the lack of precision. People use the word “heaven” to refer to God’s presence, the place believers go after death, and the future state elaborated in Revelation 21-22. Because many Christians use the same word for all of these places, the differences get muddled to create a strange, murky, and unbiblical mix. My goal here is to distinguish between the different things and clarify the Biblical vision of heaven.

First off, the word “heaven” itself in the Bible is never used for where people go when they die, nor does it ever refer to the new creation after Jesus returns. It is used primarily in three ways (note that I’m only referencing the New Testament to make things easier for me, but what I say can also be seen in the Old):

  • “Heaven” can refer to the sky and/or space, e.g. Matt. 3:16, 16:2, Mk. 7:34, Lk. 9:16, Acts 11:6, Jas. 5:18
  • “Heaven” can be used as a substitute for “God.” This is clearly seen in Matthew. Everywhere the other gospels say “kingdom of God” Matthew uses “kingdom of heaven.” 
  • Finally, “heaven” can refer to the place where God and His angels are, e.g. Matt. 5:16, 22:30, Mk. 11:26, John 1:51, Acts 7:55.

Search the Scriptures and see for yourself: never is the word “heaven” used in relation to where a human is, with precisely two exceptions. The first is that of Jesus, who is exalted in heaven at the right hand of God and intercedes for us there. The only other exception is Paul in a vision being caught up to the third heaven. But these exceptions prove the rule. Heaven is never mentioned as the destiny of the dead righteous.

There is a word used in Scripture for the place where the dead righteous are. This word is “paradise.” Jesus Himself used it to the thief on the cross, and it is one of two direct names for the place where dead believers are. The other reference is “Abraham’s bosom” in the parable of the rich man and Lazarus. These two references to the dwelling of dead believers are the only ones which name the place, and neither uses the word “heaven.”

Is it semantics I’m playing here? Not merely. What we must learn to make sense of the Biblical teachings on heaven is to distinguish between the three places associated with our concept of heaven. I’ll give a basic overview of each here, and later I’ll give details on the Biblical case for each.

The Three Things People Like to Call “Heaven”

First, heaven is the space God created alongside “earth.” Our visible world is parallel to the world of heaven, and both were created by God in the beginning. Heaven is flooded with the glory and presence of God, and His will is always carried out there. Angels also dwell there. This world is not the purely spiritual presence of God, but a created space with its own created order which parallels ours. Heaven and earth are distinct, but together. They are separate, but right beside each other. They occasionally intersect and get messily involved with each other. God reigns in this heaven, Jesus’ physical human body is currently present there, and angels go to and fro between there and here to accomplish God’s purposes.

Next, paradise is where believers are after death. It is not equal to heaven, but is something else. For believers, it is a place of rest and comfort until the last day when we are to be resurrected. This is not likely to be a physical or material place, because it is neither in heaven nor earth and the people who dwell there are without bodies for the time being. It is a truly immaterial existence, without sight, touch, smell, or sound. There are no mansions, streets of gold, or anything which can be physically sensed there. Paradise has bliss for the righteous, a bliss that results from God’s caring embrace by the Spirit, but there is still a degree of discomfort because they are “naked” and lack their bodies. This place is ultimately temporary, an immaterial existence which will no longer be relevant in the resurrection.

Finally, the new creation (also called the new heavens and earth) is where believers are destined to live in eternity. This is a physical world birthed out of our current one, a recreation. Just like the Spirit radically healed and transformed us at our new birth to make us a new creation, so will He do to the entire world in the last day. Just like Jesus’ dead body was restored to life and made altogether fresh and new, so will the entire cosmos die in flame and be restored to a new and fuller glory in Christ. This will still be our physical universe, but fixed, renewed, and brought to its true destined purity. 

Obviously, by this point I’ve said a lot that you may not have heard before, and very well may prove controversial. So be it. But alas, I’m nearing a thousand words here, so it’s not the time to go on. I’ll continue this series. In my next post, I’ll start defending and building with Scripture what I’ve said about these three places. In the mean time, try reading the Bible with these thoughts in mind and see if it makes sense. You may be surprised.

Heaven Is a Myth. Kind Of.

4 thoughts on “Heaven Is a Myth. Kind Of.

  1. Isabelle says:

    It seems a lot of popular Christian ideas about “Heaven” are unbiblical. The idea that Christians after death go to Paradise and not God’s Dwelling place is new to me. A lot Christians think that Paradise/Intermediate Heaven is the final destination of Christians. God making the world new is a seemingly foreign idea to a lot of Christians, even though it’s in the Bible. And a lot of Christians also seem to think that right after death Christians get their new body, but again the Bible clearly teaches it’s not until the end of this world that Christians are raised with immortal physical bodies. What’s worse is when pastors implicitly teach these views.

    One strange idea that some Christians believe is that there will be no more time in “Heaven” (the New Earth). My parents think that. I don’t understand how someone can interpret anything in the Bible to teach that (especially since months are talked about in Revelation and Isaiah).

    Why do you think there are so many misconceptions about “Heaven”?

    1. Have you read the second part of this post? I go into a lot more detail there. Anyway, the distinction between “heaven” and “paradise” probably seems new mostly because, when you grow up without hearing any such distinction, the Bible is not loud and quick to refute it, especially if you’re not questioning it. I do want to maintain, though, that there is a way that Christians uniquely experience God’s presence in paradise, in case it appears otherwise.

      The teaching that time will vanish in heaven is simply the outgrowth of the Gnostic/Platonic view of heaven people tend to assume. If we’re moving off into a spiritual existence instead of a physical one, into God’s eternity, then how can there be time? Of course, when the project is the recreation of the physical universe instead its abandonment, then it becomes clear that time will continue, though intriguingly one might wonder how it could be reworked to freshly center around Christ.

      I think the reason for most of the misconceptions is the Enlightenment, by the end of which some kind of Neoplatonism became part of the way people see the world. Spirit is one thing, matter is completely separate (and inferior), and heaven and earth are polar opposites. With those as the unquestioned presuppositions, it’s only a matter of time before the whole Biblical doctrine of heaven falls apart.

  2. Isabelle says:

    I did read it. Growing up I had never even heard the distinction between “Intermediate Heaven” (Paradise) and the New Earth. When I was young I thought “Heaven” sounded depressing (no time would pass and you’d never really do anything), but when I researched what the Bible actually said (and implied) about the New Earth I found it was anything but depressing. I think a lot popular Christian views of Heaven are closer to Zen Buddhism. My mom seem to think that eternity means no time, not time/world without end.

    That’s very interesting! I’ve always wondered why this view is so pervasive, especially with older Christians.

So what do you think?