“Christianity Isn’t a Religion” Is a Liberal Thing to Say

“Christianity¬†isn’t a religion; it’s a relationship!” How many times have you heard that before? If you’ve moved in many of the same circles that I have, then you’re probably pretty familiar with it. I’ve argued against this line before, pointing out that a religion is simply a set of beliefs in some kind of higher power, and of course Christianity is that (though also far more). But there is another danger of this way of thinking that has come to mind, and I would to point it out briefly.

In the 18th and 19th centuries, there began the rise of German liberal theology. With science exploding,¬†standards of living rising like the tide, and the world all around seeming to swing towards progress, humanity¬†came to think pretty highly of itself. A belief in unaided human reason as the final arbiter of truth and falsehood, combined with a skepticism about the authority of traditions in such an age of novelty, led many people to question the truth of¬†Christianity’s basic claims. Was Jesus real? Was He actually like the Bible says He was? Can we trust the Gospels? Do we really know anything about Jesus?

These problems led certain pastors, theologians, and churches to turn away from traditional beliefs about the truthfulness of Christian doctrine. Instead of a Jesus who really lived, died, and rose, and a real authoritative body of teaching about Him in the Scriptures, the focus became all about the individual experience of faith. Who knew who Jesus really was, what He really did, and whether He is truly God in some way? What mattered was how people felt about Him. Faith was something which happened inside, changing the person and their relationship to the world around them in positive ways, ways which were expressed in religious terms about Jesus. Ultimately, the religious experience of faith was supposed to be the point of Christianity.

Now, all of my evangelical Protestant friends out there who use the slogan “relationship not religion”¬†wouldn’t agree with this. They wouldn’t do like the German liberals and deny Jesus’ deity, the virgin birth, the resurrection, etc. all in favor of a faith experience. But, there is one crucial similarity. The say that¬†Christianity is a relationship instead of a religion betrays the same basic concern: what really matters is the individual experience of faith.

This is a serious problem.¬†The “relationship not religion” attitude often pushes¬†doctrine, the Church, sacrament, and other “religious” things to the side, instead¬†making¬†“experiencing God” in some subjective way the focus. It sounds, and often acts, as though your relationship with Christ doesn’t really need to involve right¬†knowledge of Him, or fellowship and cooperative ministry with His people, or regular, tangible reminders¬†of¬†our union with Him. All it really needs is the right worship music, devotionals, and preaching to make you feel the love of Jesus in your heart.¬†

Essentially, this is the same goal as theological liberalism. Experience faith and love, which will help make you a better person, too. Good theology, a community of believers, and regular reenactments of what Jesus has done for us in fellowship are all nice things, but what really counts? Faith itself. Believing in something better, something divine, that changes you for the better.

The real danger of all this is¬†taking the focus away from God to self. Instead of¬†focusing on who Jesus is, what He has done for me, and what He is calling me¬†to do in response, the “relationship not religion” line necessarily moves the focus to¬†how I feel about Jesus,¬†how authentic my faith is, and what about¬†my life is being changed by it. These things matter, but not as the focus. My feelings, faith, and¬†transformed life must be the free flowing result of letting Jesus be my all-in-all, not the all-in-all on their own.

Remembering that Christianity is a religion helps guard against this. Christianity as a¬†religion is¬†decidedly¬†not about myself, but about the One whom this¬†religion worships and¬†follows. Being part of a religion with a Church means¬†not doing it alone and for myself,¬†but only as part of a larger community¬†under the same Lord with the same mission. Having religious doctrine¬†says that I can’t just make Jesus into my own image, but¬†instead must allow myself to be corrected by the truth¬†He has¬†revealed.¬†The religious sacraments mean that I am forced as often as I partake to face the reality to which they point, unable to continually put it all on the back burner without condemning myself.

So please, let’s bury the whole “Christianity isn’t a religion” thing. We’re not¬†German liberals,¬†and don’t need to be like them. There is more to Jesus than personal faith. We must recognize the larger picture¬†and live it out.

I'm 22. I'm married with a toddler and a newborn. love Jesus Christ. I grew up a Southern Baptist and now situate myself within Evangelical Calvinism (which isn't TULIP!). I also draw substantially from N. T. Wright, Peter Leithart, and Alastair Roberts. I go to the Baptist College of Florida. I'm also a bit nerdy.